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349 Ecology

and

The Chesapeake Bay

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Course Objectives:  Each chapter begins with a list of objectives.  Please read these before beginning any study of the chapter topics.

First Semester

Topics and Homework

Chapter readings with page number references and homework assignments are listed below.  Homework collection dates will be given to the student during seminar classes.

Part I  What is Ecology     

Chapters

Readings Homework
The Nature of Ecology

1 - 8

page 8, Q's  1 - 8
2  The Organism and Its Environment

9 - 19

page 19, Q's 1 - 5. XC 6 - 8
3  Key Processes of Exchange

20 - 27

page 27, Q's 1 - 10

Part II  Conditions for Life

Chapters Readings Homework
4  Climate

30 - 42

page 42, Q's 1 - 9
5  Light 43 - 54 page 54, Q's 1- 9
6  Temperature 55 - 70 page 70, Q's 1-14. XC 15-16
7  Moisture 71 - 84 page 84, Q's 1 - 11. XC 12
8  Periodicity 85 - 95 page 95, Q's 1- 9. XC 10
9  Nutrients 96 - 108 page 108, Q's 1 - 6, 8. XC 7
10  Soil 109 - 123 page 123, Q's 1-10. XC 11-14

Part III  Populations

Chapters Readings Homework
11  Properties of Populations

126 - 135

page 135, Qs 1-2, 4-7. XC 3,8
12  Life History Patterns

136 - 148

page 148, Q's 1-12, 14-16.  XC 13, 17
13  Population Growth

148 -164

page 164, Q's 1-8. XC 9-10
14  Intraspecific Population Regulation

165 - 176

page 176, Q's 1-7. XC 8-10
15  Interspecific Competition

177 - 191

page 191, Q's 1-11. XC 12
16  Predation

192 - 207

page 207, Q's 1-8, 11-15.    XC 9-10
17  Parasitism and Mutualism

208 - 223

page 223, Q's 1-8. XC 9-10
18  Human Interactionc with Natural Populations

224 -241

page 240-241, Q's 1-2, 6, 8, 10-17. XC 3-5, 7, 9
19  Population Genetics and Speciation

242 - 265

page 264-265, Q's 1-17.      XC 18-20

Part IV  Communities

Chapter Readings Homework
20  Community Structure

268 - 278

page 278, Q's 1-6. XC 7-8
21  Community Dynamics

279 - 301

page 300-321, Q's 1-10.      XC 11-13
22  Processes Shaping Communities

302 - 312

page 312, Q's 1-6. XC 7

Part V  Ecosystems

Chapter Readings Homework
23  Production in Ecosystems

314 - 327

page 327, Q's 1-9. XC 10-11
24  Trophic Structure

328 - 341

page 341, Q's 1-8. XC 9
25  Biogeochemical Cycles

342 -362

page 362, Q's 1-15. XC 16-18
26  Global Environmental Change

363 - 376

page 376, Q's 1-2, 4-7.        XC 3, 8-9

Second Semester

Topics and Homework

Part VI  A Guide To Ecosystems

Chapter Readings Homework
Introduction: Ecosystem Patterns 377 - 383  
27  Grasslands and Savannas 384 - 395 pages 394-395, Q's 1-10.    XC 11-12
28  Shrublands and Deserts

396 - 406

page 406, Qs 1-9. XC 9-11
29  Tundra and Taiga 407 - 417 page 417, Q's 1-9. XC 10-11
30  Temperate Forests 418 - 429 page 429, Q's 1-6. XC 7-8
31  Tropical Forests

430 - 438

page 438, Q's 1-9. XC 10-11
32  Lakes and Ponds

439 - 450

page 450, Q's 1-11. XC 12-13
33  Freshwater Wetlands

451 - 461

page 461, Q's 1-10. XC 11-14
34  Streams and Rivers

462 - 474

page 474, Q's 1-7. XC 8-10
35  Oceans

475 - 485

page 485, Q's 1-13. XC 14-17
36  Intertidal Zones and Coral Reefs

486 - 495

page 495, Q's 1-11. XC 12-14
37  Estuaries, Salt Marshes, and Mangrove Forests

496 - 505

page 505, Q's 1-12. XC 13-16

The Chesapeake Bay Nature of the Estuary A Field Guide

Homework for the Chesapeake Bay topics will be given during seminars.

Chapter Readings Homework
Introduction vii - ix  
Chesapeake Bay [ Map ] x - xi  
The Nature of the Estuary 3 - 8  
Geological History and Sediments 9 - 12  
Salinity, Tides, and Circulation 13 - 18  
Ecology of the Bay 19 - 24  

I.  The Rivers and Tributaries

Chapter Pages Homework
Freshwater Swamps 27 - 54  
Freshwater Tributaries and Adjoining Freshwater Marshes 55 - 76  
Estuarine Rivers and Associated Brackish Marshes 77 -96  

II.  The Bay and Its Marshes and Shores

Chapter Readings Homework
Fresh Bay Marshes 97 - 116  
Brackish Bay Marshes 117 - 132  
Salt Marshes 133 - 150  
Beaches and Tidal Flats 151 - 160  
Shallow Water Habitats 161 - 176  
Deep, Open Water 177 - 196  

Appendix:  Refer to this section for a complete understanding of;

Migrating Patterns and Life Cycles

Anadromous Pathway, American shad ( p. 185 ) 201
Feeding Grounds, Bluefish ( p. 185 ) 202
Nursery Area. Atlantic croaker ( p. 186 ) 202
Life Cycle within the Estuary, White perch ( p. 85 ) 203
Life Cycle of the Blue Crab ( pp. 84, 167, and 182 ) 203

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