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State of The Bay 2001

Poor Water Quality Inhibits CB Improvements in 2001

Hows the CB doing?

CB operates at of its potential

Excess phosphorus and nitrogen

Past year poor water quality

Accelerating land development

Threat to crab population

Scale 0 100

CB health rate now 27

One point less than year 2000

Quote
by
CBF President
William C. Baker

" Unless we dramatically reduce nutrient and sediment pollution, additional gains in underwater grasses will be impossible. Restoring underwater grasses by improving water quality is critical to bringing back the Bays blue crab population."

How the Report is created

CBF scientists measure key components

Exam best historical and current information

Pollution

Habitat

Fish and shellfish

Advice form other scientists

The Bay we know today

Measured against the rich and balanced Bay that Capt. John Smith explored

1600s

Clear water

Meadows of underwater grasses

Mega oyster reefs

Abundant of fish

Health rate = 100

Confirmed by modern science

A blueprint for Bay improvement

1983 rating bottomed out = 23

Public agencies, private groups, and volunteers

Progress too slow

CBF top priority help Bay achieve score of 40 by 2010

CB Agreement, June 1999

Funding of $ 8.5 billion in federal, state and local

Unite and take action

Never see pristine Bay again ( Smith )

Index of 70 is achievable by 2050

State of Bay 2001

Habitat

42 Wetlands no change 2000

54 Forested Buffers + 1 from 2000

12 Underwater Grasses no change from 2000

30 Resource Lands 3 from 2000

Pollution

30 Toxics no change from 2000

15 Water Clarity no change from 2000

15 Phosphorus no change from 2000

15 Nitrogen no change from 2000

15 Dissolved Oxygen no change from 2000

Fisheries

42 Crabs 4 from 2000

75 Rockfish no change from 2000

2 Oysters no change from 2000

6 Shad + 1 from 2000

Average

27

The Lands Effect on The Bay

What is a Watershed, Anyway?

All the land drains into the Bay

Drainage basin

64, 000 square miles

Largest on eastern seaboard

Wash., D.C., and 6 states NY, PA, DE, MD, VA, WV

What happens in the watershed, even hundreds of miles from the Bay, has a significant impact on the Bay itself.

Bottom line: pollution from enormous amount of land grains into CB, the Bay has a relatively small amount of water to absorb that pollution.

If the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed were reduced to the size of a football field, the depth of the water would on average be the thickness of the three dimes.

Dirty words we all need to know

A Chesapeake Bay Pollution Glossary

Nutrients

Toxic substances

Sediments

Point-source discharge

Stormwater runoff

Air pollution

Groundwater

Habitat and Resilience

How the Bay can filter pollution, Naturally

Forests, wetlands, underwater grasses, and oysters

Habitat for Bay creatures

Filters

Humans create more pollution

Remove filters

Bay is harmed

Wasteful land use

Sprawl

Overharvesting and diseases kill oysters

Lost

50 % of forests

60 % of wetlands

90 % underwater grasses

98 % of oysters

Restoration - year 2000

2 million oysters planted

326 habitat restorations within Bay watershed

1,175 acres of wetlands and upland buffers

121 miles of riparian buffers

Year 2001 40, 000 underwater grasses planted in Bay by Bay Grasses in Classes and Bay Grasses for the Masses programs

40 by 2010

The Pursuit of an " Unimpaired " Bay

Chesapeake 2000

An agreement to reduce

nitrogen and phosphorus pollution

agricultural and urban runoff

Improving creates

Bay supports broad range species if reaches rate of 40

Water quality objectives

Sewage plant upgrades

 

How YOU can help

Drive 10 % less

Car pool

Use mass transit

Buy a car reduce auto emissions

Make your voice heard - government

Participate hands on restoration

Plant underwater grasses, trees

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